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Hole tolerance zones.Post by ffbing, 2009-6-25, Views:
Hole tolerance zones.
The tolerance zone is defined as a spherical zone limited by the upper and lower limit dimensions of the part. The tolerance zone is therefore determined by the amount of the tolerance and its position related to the basic size. The position of the tolerance zone, related to the basic size (zero line), is determined in the ISO system by a so-called basic deviation. The system ISO defines 28 classes of basic deviations for holes. These classes are marked by capital letters (A, B, C, ... ZC). The tolerance zone for the specified dimensions is prescribed in the drawing by a tolerance mark, which consists of a letter marking of the basic deviation and a numerical marking of the tolerance grade (e.g. H7, H8, D5, etc.). This paragraph includes graphic illustrations of all tolerance zones of a hole which are applicable for the specified basic size [1.1] and the tolerance grade IT chosen from the pop-up list.
Though the general sets of basic deviations (A ... ZC) and tolerance grades (IT1 ... IT18) can be used for prescriptions of hole tolerance zones by their mutual combinations, in practice only a limited range of tolerance zones is used. An overview of tolerance zones for general use can be found in the following table. The tolerance zones not included in this table are considered special zones and their use is recommended only in technically well-grounded cases.
Prescribed hole tolerance zones for routine use (for basic sizes up to 3150 mm):
Note: Tolerance zones with thin print are specified only for basic sizes up to 500 mm.